Issue 21, Exile


The entire world is going through a critical time due to the coronavirus pandemic. So much has changed within a short time. Our usual habits are no more. Our ability to connect with each other is curtailed – or relegated to Zoom, the phone, WhatsApp, Facebook, and various other social media platforms where we are compressed into two-dimensional images of ourselves. Countless jobs have been lost. Countless lives have been lost. There is no end to the number of problems consuming people’s lives and minds. This is a deep crisis. This is a crisis of health, of psychological problems and trauma, of economic survival, of educational setbacks and stagnation, and of democracy, particularly in struggles against authoritarian regimes and inclinations. In the midst of these uncertain times, Shuddhashar has continued with the preparation and activities of this special issue on exile. We have been communicating with potential authors, discussing subject matters for writing, reviewing submissions, giving feedback to the writers, editing, and much more in order to publish this special issue. The irony is that many exiles are intimately familiar with lockdown and isolation, something that is now experienced by everyone worldwide.

In preparation for this special issue, we have tried to contact as many exiled writers as possible from Bangladesh and other countries. This has also been an experience. In addition to receiving positive responses, we also received neglect, vocal rejection, and silent rejection. Many submitted articles about their personal, political, or societal experiences before or after exile. But others did not want to write, and some tried but were unable to do so. In some cases, exiled writers appeared uninterested in contributing to Shuddhashar, for reasons we can only speculate. As organizers of the issue, we didn’t consider any of this as unusual. We wanted to show exiled writers who are finding fertile ground in which to grow their writing.  But we also wanted to reveal the infertility that is created by exile and displacement, and the causes of that infertility.

While exiled writers are the primary focus of this issue, we also include articles written by people doing long-term research and work with exiles. With these different perspectives – exiles, academics, activists, publishers, and supporters – we hope we have assembled useful suggestions for supporting, motivating, and inspiring exiled writers. Among some of the suggestions are ideas for how cities and organizations can take initiatives to introduce exiled writers and artists to local writers, artists, and cultural groups. Many cities are already arranging local literature and cultural programs, but including exiled writers/artists in the planning process will cultivate a sense of purpose and belonging. Similarly, it seems especially important to find ways to include not only exiled writers and artists but also other long-term refugees in political systems, where their voices can count and contribute to the collaboration of a vibrant future for all community members. It is essential that the trauma experienced by exiles be address in professional and dignified ways so that they can not only psychologically overcome their terrifying pasts, but also contribute productively to the current communities in which they live.

In putting these diverse voices of exiles and experts together, Shuddhashar hopes to contribute to the betterment of all exiles and their communities. We hope to the foster a democratic society that is inclusive of its diversity and that recognizes the creative potential that comes from elevating the humanity of all society’s members.

Shuddhashar wants to motivate exiled writers to continue their creativity – including those who did not write for us. We want to stand by their side and encourage them, no matter where they are in their own process of exiled life.  This is part of our practice and discipline – what in Bangla is called sadhana. Promoting free speech, human rights, democratic culture and values, human dignity, and supporting exiles is our sadhana.

We therefore urge exiled writers to pick up their pens, to write, and to find ways to be active in their communities. As exiles, we are fortunate: we have been given an opportunity that is denied to countless others. Although it is easy to fall prey to guilt, depression, and inertia, we must overcome the trauma of displacement and loss. As an exiled writer – as a survivor of persecution, hardship, and isolation – we have a responsibility to continue the work of promoting democracy and freedom of expression. Even though we may not be able to write directly to the audiences in our home country, the dangers of autocracy, xenophobic nationalism, hate-speech, and fake news are in all countries. Your experiences make you an expert, and you have a role to play in your new communities: to foster tolerance, equality and equity, compassion, and fact- and logic-based criticism.

Write. It is critically important. We hope it will be your sadhana.


Note: Exile is a very diverse and broad topic, and we know we cannot cover everything. We will continue our research and work on this subject. And in future we will publish more issues about exile.

Struggling with Destruction

Whenever someone asks me about the “immigration experience”, I unconsciously get angry. The first thing I say is: I have not emigrated! I have fled my country. Some, like me, may have “fled” their country, but their purpose in leaving the country is similar to the purpose of an immigrant. They want to gain the …

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Political entanglement throughout our life

I have spent many nights thinking about whether situation changes people or whether people can change their situation. People can change the situation – just as it is true that a situation can change people completely too. But it is not an easy task to leave situations that drag one towards the brink of a …

Political entanglement throughout our life Read More »

Writing in Exile

At first, you lose family, friends, places, memories, and after a while, you face the big question: Who am I? From here, searching for the dismantling of difficult questions begins. The journey usually ends without obtaining answers, either about the question of identity or about the biggest question of existence itself. Whether exile is voluntary …

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Am I here to ‘milk Norway for free’?

To be torn away from home, especially for an aspiring writer, heralds a sure death of the Soul, albeit a slow one. That is how I felt when, after years of deliberations with myself; I left my country, Eritrea. For decades on end, I had considered myself an active participant in the realization of a …

Am I here to ‘milk Norway for free’? Read More »

Life in exile is secured, but not cured

I clearly recall the date when I arrived in my new city in Sweden. As a middle-aged woman, I reached my destination without knowing anything about the days to come. I had left behind my son alone in that restless part of the world where I was threatened and where every day was like my …

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My exile story and the cover of my son’s passport

Only four years ago, I was devastated by the piece of paper in my hands. It was a rejection of our application for a living permit in Georgia. I had spent the last two years trying to stay in this neighboring country after I fled my native country, Azerbaijan.  At that moment, Georgian immigration services …

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The Unseen Homeland: Construction of Tibet in the Diaspora | Interview with Pema Choedon

In 1950, China started the annexation of Tibet, claiming it had always been part of China despite Tibet’s claim to be an autonomous region.  Following brutal suppression by the Chinese, on 31 March 1959, Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama and political and spiritual leader of Tibet, was forced to escape to India. He began …

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Reflections of an ICORN exiled writer from Palestine

It’s morning. I wake up easily, rub my eyes like any person, and prepare to face a new day. Maybe I yawn and wonder, while I make myself a cup of coffee, what should I wear today? The rain clothes or autumn ones? Maybe I’ll also enjoy the symphony of rustling leaves, my footsteps mixed …

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Life is a journey

Life is a journey through reality that is filled with our emotions. Exile is the feeling of being without land, even though we were born on Earth. Borders are fake lines arranged to polarise our human race and to create a reason to fight. When we were born, we had neither nationalities nor religions; we …

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The Beggar That Wasn’t

I’m loving the summer in southern Italy, so similar to that of my home city, Harare.  I have been in Italy for a couple of months now. Very limited interaction with people: I do not speak Italian, and not many in this remote small town can speak English. I use a lot of my time …

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